Maria Luigia D’Austria was born in Wien in 1791 and died in Parma in 1847.
Her Imperial and Royal Highness Maria Luisa Leopoldine Franziska Theresia Josepha Lucia, Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Princess of Tuscany, Duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla is the daughter of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and his second wife, Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies.
In 1810 Marie Louise married to Napoleon Bonaparte. A marriage intended to link the Austrian Empire of her father to the First French Empire of her husband. The Empress had a son in 1811, Napoléon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte, styled King of Rome and later Duke of Reichstadt.
After Napoleon’s abdication Marie Louise and her son fled Paris to Blois then to Vienna where she remained until 1814, when the Treaty of Paris gave her the duchies of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla for her life only, with the details of who would become Duke of Parma after her death unspecified. In 1817, a treaty was signed, leaving the duchies to the Bourbons.
Four months after Napoleon’s death, in 1821, Marie Louise married morganatically her lover, Adam-Adalbert, Count and Lord of Neipperg (1775-1829). The couple had two children out of wedlock: Albertine, Countess of Montenuovo (1817-1867) and
Wilhelm Albrecht, Count of Montenuovo, later created Prince of Montenuovo (1819-1895). The couple also hadMarie-Louise had a second daughter, Mathilde, Countess of Montenuovo, in 1822.
After Neipperg’s death Marie-Louise married morganatically, in 1834, her grand chamberlain, Charles-René, Count of Bombelles (1785-1856).
She died in December 1847 in Parma and her status as Duchess of Parma and Piacenza passed to Prince Charles of Parma, the grandson of the last reigning Duke of Parma.